How long is a dog pregnant? Everything you need to know about canine gestation periods

How Long Is A Dog Pregnant?viPO14x7NWrwsnt0V zL NHVQpfMqaiWLHku0FkSZ6LozZ

A normal canine gestation period is between 58 to 68 days, with an average of 63 days. It is important to note that the gestation period can sometimes vary by a few days, depending on the breed and size of the dog. The only way to know for sure when a dog is due is by having her x-rayed by a veterinarian. During the pregnancy, regular checkups from your vet are important to ensure the health of both the pregnant dog and the puppies.

How Long Is A Dog Pregnant?gx4F0K

A dog’s gestation period typically lasts around 63 days, beginning when the dog ovulates and ending when she gives birth. Keep in mind that some breeds and individual dogs may take slightly longer or shorter to deliver their puppies. Most dogs begin to show signs of labor a week or two prior to their due date. If you think your dog is pregnant, it’s important to let your vet know. They can help you monitor her progress and prepare you for the big day.

When Can Dogs Become Pregnant?

Dogs can become pregnant as early as 6 months of age, although it is recommended to wait until the dog is at least 1 year old before breeding. Veterinarians often suggest waiting until the dog is closer to 2 years old before breeding.

The Reproductive Cycle in Dogs

The reproductive cycle in dogs is composed of several stages that result in the production of puppies. Here is a brief overview of the stages:

Stage 1: Proestrus

This stage begins with the female’s first estrus cycle and is marked by a few physical changes. The female’s vulva will swell and she may appear to be in heat, although she may not yet be receptive to males. Her hormones are beginning to increase, and blood and mucus discharge from the vulva.

Stage 2: Estrus

The female is now ready to accept males and will release pheromones to indicate her availability. This is the period when mating usually takes place.

Stage 3: Diestrus

After mating, the female’s hormones reach their peak and her body begins preparing for pregnancy. If she is not pregnant, the diestrus stage is very short and she returns to proestrus. If she is pregnant, then the diestrus stage may last several months.

Stage 4: Anestrus

Anestrus is the resting stage of the reproductive cycle and is the period when the female does not go into heat. This is the time when there is no breeding activity and the female is not ready to accept a male.

Stage 5: Post-Partum

If the female becomes pregnant and delivers puppies, then this is the post-partum stage. During this time, the female is recovering from the pregnancy and caring for her puppies. After several months, she may come into heat again, at which point the cycle begins again.

How Many Times Does A Dog Give Birth In A Year?

Most dogs only give birth to a litter of puppies once per year.

How Long After Mating Can You Tell A Dog Is Pregnant?

It usually takes about 60-63 days after mating for a dog to be able to tell if she is pregnant.

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  1. By doing abdominal palpation: This involves a veterinarian placing their hand on the abdomen and feeling for any presence of fetuses.
  2. A blood test, which measures the amount of relaxin hormone present in the dog’s body.
  3. Ultrasound imaging can also be used to confirm the presence of puppies inside the mother’s uterus.
  4. Observable changes in the dog’s behaviors such as nesting, nesting behaviors, and weight gain can also be signs of pregnancy.
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What To Feed A Pregnant Dog?

Pregnant dogs should be fed high-quality, nutrient-dense commercial dog food that contains more calories than regular kibble to provide enough energy for their growing babies. The diet should be higher in proteins, healthy fats, vitamins, and minerals to meet the mother’s and puppies’ needs. You can also feed your pregnant dog fresh-cooked chicken, lean ground beef, or fish. Feed her small, frequent meals instead of one or two large ones throughout the day.

How To Feed A Pregnant Dog?

  • Increase the caloric density of your dog’s regular diet. Feed her high-quality, species-appropriate, whole-food meals that are nutrient-dense.
  • Supplement your dog’s diet with extra protein. Protein is essential for supporting the growth of your pup’s pups.
  • Increase your dog’s fat intake. Pregnant dogs require a higher amount of fat and calories to support their growing pups.
  • Give your dog calcium supplements. Calcium is important to strengthen the bones of the pup and the pregnant mother.
  • Make sure your dog is hydrated. Provide plenty of clean, fresh water to keep your dog hydrated throughout the pregnancy and lactation periods.
  • Offer smaller meals spread throughout the day. When your dog is pregnant, she can’t eat as much at one time as she usually would, so provide more frequent meals that she can easily digest.

Gestation Period: How Long Are Dogs Pregnant?HKezWZrgmVoNBAmiNDsPCJmkGbJYJCv6mv8V9t10fhRS82 D 6eVWV6OIfEejnik8X0XXrociRtRYFvB5urjhRTgWZmrf3g8sTITCkp4Aac 1moymatM1dlUKav7onYfmafwRm1yjO u8pGmrjmB8w0

On average, dogs are pregnant for 60 to 65 days (roughly two months). The exact timing can vary depending on the breed and size of the dog.

Care During A Dog’s Gestation Period

  • Provide high-quality and nutritious food: Make sure to feed the pregnant dog a well-balanced diet of quality food that is high in calories. Not only will this help her meet her nutritional needs, but it will also provide the nutrition her growing puppies need.
  • Allow plenty of rest: Offer the pregnant dog a comfortable and warm sleeping surface and plenty of space to move. Encourage her to rest and take things easy during the last few weeks of her pregnancy.
  • Make veterinary visits: It is important to bring the pregnant dog in for regular veterinary visits. Your vet can help you monitor her health and the development of her puppies.
  • Provide plenty of water: A pregnant dog needs plenty of access to clean, fresh water. Make sure to provide her with an easily accessible, clean water bowl throughout her pregnancy and post-pregnancy.
  • Avoid vaccinations: It is important to avoid vaccinations during the last few weeks of the dog’s pregnancy. Vaccines may harm the developing puppies in utero.
  • Monitor her temperature: Take the pregnant dog’s temperature once a day throughout her pregnancy. A temperature of 101.5-102.5 degrees Fahrenheit is normal. If her temperature drops below or rises above this range, it could be a sign of impending labor.

How Long Is A Dog Pregnant For Chihuahua

A Chihuahua’s gestation period is typically between 58 and 68 days.

How Long Is An American Eskimo Dog Pregnant?

American Eskimo Dogs are pregnant for an average of 58 to 63 days.

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  1. Increase in appetite
  2. Increase in weight
  3. Abdominal swelling
  4. Pink or bloody discharge
  5. Change in behavior
  6. Nesting behavior
  7. Lower activity levels
  8. Increased sensitivity to touch
  9. Sluggishness and lethargy
  10. Morning sickness

Early Signs Of Dog Pregnancy

  • Weight Gain: Increased appetite or a slightly swollen midsection are common early signs of pregnancy in dogs.
  • Nipple Enlargement and Color Change: Enlarged nipples are also a sign that your dog is pregnant and may start to turn pink or red.
  • Behavioral Changes: Some dogs may become more affectionate or energetic than usual during pregnancy.
  • Nesting: Dogs may try to build a nest-like area in which to give birth. This can be seen by dragging towels or blankets around, digging, or shredding.
  • Morning Sickness: Some dogs may experience morning sickness due to increased hormones. This can be seen by vomiting, lethargy, decreased appetite, and general malaise.
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Dog Pregnancy Signs Week By Week

  • Week 1 (Day 0-7): Your dog’s body begins to prepare for pregnancy by releasing hormones that can cause her to experience sudden behavioral changes as well as certain physical changes including her nipples enlarging and darkening, and her appetite and energy levels increasing.
  • Week 2 (Day 8-14): Your dog’s abdomen may start to swell as her uterus is becoming larger and her abdomen is filling with amniotic fluid. You may also notice her exhibiting signs of nausea and sickness.
  • Week 3 (Day 15-21): During this stage, your dog’s nipples will become darker in color and could start to secrete a waxy-like substance with oil. The abdominal area may become larger and you may start to notice fetal movement.
  • Week 4 (Day 22-28): The milk production in your dog’s mammary glands will increase as she gets closer to delivery. The pregnancy is also often visible by now, with the shape of the puppies visible on the front of her abdomen. Additionally, the abdomen may continue to enlarge throughout this week.
  • Week 5 (Day 29-35): As your dog enters the 5th week of pregnancy, her abdomen will continue to grow in size as the puppies develop and her mammary glands will continue to increase in size as milk production increases. You may also notice your dog’s abdomen becoming harder than before, and her appetite increasing due to the puppies’ needs.
  • Week 6 (Day 36-42): This is considered to be the peak of your dog’s pregnancy and you may see increased activity from the puppies as the delivery draws nearer. Her nipples may stay dark over the course of this week and her appetite will continue to grow as she optimizes the nutrition for her puppies.
  • Week 7 (Day 43-49): During the final days of your dog’s pregnancy, her nipples will become very prominent and enlarged as they are getting ready for the puppies’ arrival. Her abdominal area may become even larger as the puppies are settling into their birth position.

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  1. Pre-breeding: During the two weeks leading up to ovulation, the female dog may gain weight, experience an increase in appetite, and show signs of being restless or agitated.
  2. Proestrus: This stage is marked by light blood discharge and lasts for around nine days. It is during this stage that the female becomes receptive to mating.
  3. Estrous/Estrus: This stage is also known as heat and is the most important for successful mating. During estrus, the female is ready and willing to mate and ovulation will occur, leading to potential fertilization. This phase typically lasts 4-5 days.
  4. Diestrus: This phase is marked by a sporadic release of progesterone and lasts 60 to 90 days. During diestrus, the embryos will develop and the signs of pregnancy begin to show. This includes increased appetite, morning sickness, and increased nesting behavior.
  5. Metestrus (Birth): This is the final stage and is marked by labor and childbirth.

Last Week Of Dog Pregnancy What To Expect

By the last week of a dog’s pregnancy, the puppies will be fully developed and their bones and organs will be mature. The mother’s nipples will become enlarged and her mammary glands will begin to produce milk. Behavioral changes should also become more apparent and the mother might become more clingy, anxious, and tired. Her appetite may increase as well. She may also start to look for a suitable place to give birth. She might become restless and start nesting or rearranging bedding. Her stomach may become distended and the puppies may be felt moving right before labor.

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How Long Are Dogs In Labor?

The length of labor in dogs varies depending on several factors, including the dog’s breed, size, age, and the number of puppies in the litter. Generally, labor can last anywhere from six to twelve hours, but can go up to 24 hours in some cases.

How Can I Prepare For My Dog To Give Birth?

  • Schedule a pre-whelping appointment with your veterinarian: This will ensure your dog’s health during pregnancy and labor, allow your vet to discuss any potential problems, and provide your vet with a timeline for delivery.
  • Set up a whelping box: A whelping box provides an enclosed, safe space for your dog to give birth. Make sure the box is big enough for your dog to move around and comfortable enough for her to rest.
  • Gather supplies: Puppies usually nurse for the first 8 weeks, so have a milk replacer on hand. Also, purchase puppy shampoo, detergent for washing bedding, a heating pad (if necessary), a thermometer, babies’ scales, and gauze pads.
  • Offer nutritional support: Make sure the mother-to-be is receiving proper nutrition to meet the demands of pregnancy and feeding puppies postpartum.
  • Identify a qualified emergency vet: In the event your dog shows signs of distress before, during, or after whelping, you will need to have a vet available and on call.
  • Have an emergency plan: Have the veterinarian’s number handy and determine a plan for how you will transport your dog to the vet in case of an emergency.

Can I Breed My Dog If I Don’t Have Experience?

Yes, you can still breed your dog. However, it is not recommended for those without prior experience. Breeding responsibly is both a science and an art and has the potential to cause many issues if done incorrectly. We highly advise that if you plan to pursue breeding, you should research it extensively, consult with professionals, and be fully prepared to take on the full financial and emotional responsibilities of breeding responsibly.


Q. How many months is a dog pregnant?

A. A female dog is typically pregnant for an average of nine weeks, or 63 days. This is equivalent to approximately 2 months.

Q. How long is it before you know a dog is pregnant?

A. It typically takes around 63 days from the time of breeding for a dog to show signs of pregnancy. By 45-50 days after mating, a veterinarian can accurately diagnose a pregnancy with abdominal palpitation in combination with an ultrasound.

Q. How long is the average dog pregnant?

A. Dogs typically have a gestation period of approximately 9 weeks (63 days), although some can be as short as 58 days or as long as 68 days.


In conclusion, the length of a dog’s pregnancy can vary from 53-68 days, although the average is 63 days. The length of pregnancy also depends on the size and breed of the dog. Female dogs can often experience some physical and behavioral changes during the pregnancy including increased appetite, mood swings, and a decrease in energy level. During the final week of pregnancy, the breeder should begin to notice signs of labor such as panting, digging, and nesting behaviors.